Tooth Decay

In this blog, we deal with tooth decay, one of the most common dental problems. We find out what caries is, how to recognize and treat it, as well as all the information about the prevention and prevention of dental caries.

What is caries?

Dental Caries

Dental caries is a bacterial infection that damages tooth enamel, the hard outer layer of the tooth. Poor oral hygiene, sweet and sour foods and dry mouth can increase the risk of tooth decay. Symptoms include toothache, sensitivity and visible cavities in the teeth.

How to prevent tooth decay?

Washing teeth

To prevent tooth decay, brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, floss daily, and limit your intake of sweet and sour foods and drinks. Also, visit the dentist regularly for cleanings and examinations. A healthy diet and avoiding tobacco are also important for cavity-free teeth.

How to remove caries?

Tooth decay treatment

To remove tooth decay, the dentist will first remove the decayed part of the tooth using a drill or laser. They will then fill the cavity with a composite resin filling or other adequate material. Finally, the dentist will polish the tooth to restore its original functionality and shape.

What does caries look like?

Damaged tooth by tooth decay

Caries initially appears as a white or brown spot on the surface of the tooth, often near the gums. As it progresses, it causes a cavity that looks like a dark spot or hole. Symptoms include sensitivity, pain and visible cracks on the tooth. Here are a few more symptoms of dental caries:

  • White spots on the teeth: These spots are an early sign of tooth decay and are caused by the loss of minerals from the tooth enamel.

  • Brown or black spots: These spots are a sign of more advanced caries and are caused by the accumulation of plaque and calculus on the teeth.

  • Sensitivity to hot, cold or sweet: Tooth decay can cause teeth to become sensitive to hot, cold or sweet food or drink.

  • Pain: Tooth decay can cause pain in the teeth. The pain can vary from dull and constant to sharp and sporadic.

Can tooth decay occur often during pregnancy?

Yes, tooth decay often occurs during pregnancy due to hormonal changes that increase the risk of tooth decay. Morning sickness, which exposes the teeth to stomach acid, as well as increased intake of acidic foods and drinks can also contribute to tooth sensitivity and a tendency to tooth decay.

How to prevent caries development during pregnancy?

Dental exam during pregnancy

To prevent tooth decay during pregnancy, maintain regular oral hygiene. If you experience morning sickness, rinse your mouth with water or fluoride mouthwash to neutralize the acid. Also, visit your dentist for regular checkups and dental hygiene.

If a child sucks, can he get tooth decay?

If a child sucks their thumb or pacifier, they are more likely to develop tooth decay. This is because sucking can damage tooth enamel and create small openings in the teeth that allow bacteria to enter the tooth and form cavities.

What is circular caries?

Circular cavities

Circular caries, also known as primary or initial caries, is a type of caries that forms on the smooth surfaces of teeth. It looks like a small, round, white or brown change on the tooth. Causes include poor oral hygiene, a sugary diet and the accumulation of harmful bacteria.

How does circular caries occur in children?

Circular caries in children is caused by damage to the enamel, protective layer or coating of the teeth due to irregular oral hygiene, a diet rich in sweet or sour foods or a lack of fluorine in the diet.

How to stop circular caries?

The best way to stop circular caries is to eliminate its cause. This implies a reduced amount of sweets, fruit juices and sour drinks with a mandatory examination as well as the intervention of a dentist in order to solve the problem permanently and professionally.

Can tooth decay cause bad breath?

Bad breath due to cavities

Caries can cause bad breath due to the accumulation of bacteria and food particles in the mouth. Treatment of dental problems, such as gum disease, dry mouth and oral infections, is necessary to eliminate bad breath, and regular examinations and daily hygiene are responsible for its prevention.

Treatment of patient with tooth decay

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