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What is Oral Cancer and Everything You Need to Know About It

Marko Savic marco dental tourismMarko Savić
Published Jun 01, 2023
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What is Oral Cancer and Everything You Need to Know About It


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Introduction to oral carcinoma

Sigmund Freud, a doctor and psychiatrist, the creator of psychoanalysis and a great scientist whose knowledge is still invaluable today, suffered from oral cancer in the middle of the 20th century. Although cancer was rare at that time, there were numerous very complex and advanced methods of surgical treatment. Today, the number of patients is significantly higher, but there is also a greater chance that the disease will be detected in time. That's why in this blog we deal with the possible causes, prevention, and research of oral cancer.

What is oral cancer?

Oral carcinoma is a type of cancer that affects the tissues in the mouth. It can develop in any part of the mouth, including the lips, gums, tongue and palate. Oral cancer is more common in men than in women, and the risk increases with age.

What are the most common symptoms of oral cancer?

The best way to recognize oral cancer at home is to be familiar with the symptoms. Symptoms may include a lump or thickening on the cheek, as well as a sore that does not go away over time, which is usually not associated with other symptoms such as colds and flu.

Other symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • Bleeding from the mouth

  • Persistenttoothache

  • Voice changes

  • Sensation of something stuck in throat

  • Difficulty swallowing

  • Weight loss

Most lumps or ulcers in the mouth are not cancerous, but it is important to see your dentist or doctor if the sore does not heal within two weeks or if you notice any changes.

What causes oral cancer?

Pušenje izazivač oralnog kancera

Most oral cancers, like all dental problems, is most often associated with exposure to risk factors such as bad lifestyle habits, poor nutrition and stress. However, the most common causes of throat cancer are:

  • Smoking - Cigarette smoking poses a great risk for the development of oral cancer due to the harmful ingredients of cigarettes such as tobacco and tar in cigarettes that damage the DNA of the cells in the mouth. When the DNA is irreversibly damaged, it cannot be repaired and the cell dies permanently.

  • Alcohol - Alcohol use, like tobacco, can damage DNA in cells, making them more likely to mutate and become cancerous. In addition, alcohol can dehydrate the mucous membrane in the mouth, making it more susceptible to infections and various mouth diseases.

  • Stress - Constant exposure to stress can lead to risky changes in the immune system, which can make the body more susceptible to cancer.

  • Weakened immune system - The immune system is responsible for the body's fight against infections and diseases. A weakened immune system cannot sufficiently protect the body, and this can facilitate the development and progress of any disease.

  • An unbalanced diet is an important risk factor. Do not forget to include fruits and vegetables in your regular diet because they contain vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that can help protect the body from cancer. A diet low in fruits and vegetables can increase the risk of developing oral cancer because it reduces the amount of these important protective substances.

What is a benign tumor of the oral cavity?

A benign oral tumor is a mass or lump that forms in the mouth, often on the tongue or floor of the mouth. These tumors are not cancerous and do not spread to other parts of the body. These are usually benign growths such as warts or cysts. Despite this, every change must be monitored by a doctor in order to determine the course of treatment.

What is a growth on the lip?

Čir na usni

A lip growth is a benign growth that appears as a small, raised, flesh-colored bump on the lip. It is usually harmless and does not cause pain or discomfort. But, if it appears on the inner lip, the growth can be unpleasant and cause difficulty in chewing. In that case, see a doctor.

What is the best prevention of oral cancer?

Koja je najbolja prevencija oralnog karcinoma

The best prevention of oral cavity cancer is its early detection. The best way to prevent the disease is to overcome fear and go to the dentist who can spot any changes in time and successfully treat them. Other ways to prevent oral cancer may include:

  • Self-examination: Regular and thorough oral examinations at home can go a long way in detecting oral cancer early. Pay attention to changes in the mouth, such as red or white spots, sores or lumps.

  • Screening of the oral cavity: Screening is a quick and completely painless examination of the oral cavity, which can be used to thoroughly examine the mouth and detect any suspicious changes.

  • Stopping or reducing smoking: Smoking is one of the leading risk factors for developing oral cancer. If you currently smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your health. Many resources are available to help you quit, including counseling, medication, and support groups.

  • Limit alcohol consumption: Regular alcohol consumption increases the risk of developing oral cavity cancer by up to five times according to certain studies.

Is oral cancer curable?

Yes, throat cancer is also curable. Even if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, treatment can still be effective. With early detection and treatment, the chances of a cure are much higher. In most cases, a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy is the most successful approach.


Good news is on our side! The survival rate for oral cancer is very high, and with early detection and treatment, the prognosis is even better. There are many resources available to help you quit smoking and avoid other risk factors for oral cancer.

Therefore, go for regular checkups, take care of yourself and your teeth and maintain daily oral hygiene because it will all pay off in the end. You will have completely healthy teeth and a perfect smile.

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